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British WWII's bombers

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Vickers Wellington

Twin-engined medium bomber of geodetic construction. It was the main British bomber during the first part of WWII, but the RAF was soon forced to abandon daylight attacks because of its vulnerability. The Wellington was in production until the end of the war. After its replacement in Bomber Command by the new four-engined bombers it was flown on numerous other duties, and some were used until 1953. The Mk.X introduced a fuselage structure of light alloy, instead of steel. There were also prototypes and a small production series (about 60) of the Mk.V and Mk.VI, with early cabin pressurisation systems, which did not enter service. Wellingtons were built with Pegasus, Hercules, Merlin or Twin Wasp engines.

General characteristics Wellington B Mk.X
Primary function Medium bomber
Power plant Two Bristol Hercules VI or XVI
Thrust 2x 1,675 HP 2x 1,249 kW
Wingspan 86.2 ft 26.26 m
Length 64.6 ft 19.68 m
Height 17 ft 5.17 m
Wingarea 840 sq ft 78.04 sq m
Weight empty 26,323 lb 11,940 kg
max. 36,500 lb 16,556 kg
Speed 255 mph 410 km/h
Initial climb rate 1,050 ft/min 320 m/min
Ceiling 22,000 ft 6,710 m
Range 2,200 mi 3,540 km
Armament 8x 7.7mm machine gun; 2,014 kg bombs
Crew Six
First flight Prototype 15.6.1936
Date deployed Mk.I December 1937
Mk.X 1942
Number built 3,804 (just Mk.X)
11,461 (all versions)

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