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Eurocopter Tiger

Tiger is a product of a join-venture of Aerospatiale and MBB projected at the end of the 70s and started in 1984. The French-German Tiger was designed as anti-tank and attack helicopter to replace both the French Gazelle and the German Bo 105. The Tiger has the traditional tandem-seat arrangment of such types, with mast-mounted or roof-mounted sighting systems. Service entry is now expected in 2002, after considerable delay.
Tiger HAP
The Tiger HAP is an air-to-air combat and fire support medium-weight (6 tonnes) helicopter fitted with 2 MTR 390 engines. It is daytime and night combat capable and is operable in NBC (Nuclear, Biological, Chemical) environments. Three basic parameters were taken into account right from the start of the development phase: low (visual, radar and infrared) detectability, which provides excellent survivability on the battlefield, maximum efficiency of the weapons and the associated fire control systems without heavier workload for the crew, and an optimized logistic concept offering minimum possession costs.
The Tiger HAP is fitted with a 30-mm gun turret; 68-mm submunition rokets, and air-to-air Mistral missiles. It also features a firing sight with 3 sensors: infrared, TV camera and direct optical channel. The complete avionics suite includes multi-purpose color displays and radar/laser warning receivers.
Tiger UHT
The Tiger UHT is a multi-role fire support helicopter. The Trigat Fire and Forget missiles and/or the HOT missiles it carries offer anti-tank capability, while 68-mm rockets ensure air-to-ground fire support. A 12.7 mm air-to-air gun pod and air-to-air Stinger missiles can also be installed.
The helicopter also features a mast-mounted sight with a second-generation IRCCD infrared channel and a TV channel, as well as a nose-mounted IRCCD control FLIR for the pilot.
Countermeasures include radar/laser/missiles launch/missile approach warning receivers and decoy launchers.
Tiger HAC
The Tiger HAC is an anti-tank helicopter which supports the same equipments as the Tiger UHT. Weaponry includes Trigat and/or HOT anti-tank missiles and air-to-air Mistral missiles.
General characteristics
Primary function Attack helicopter
Contractor Eurocopter, Europe
Powerplant Two MTU/Rolls-Royce/Turbomeca MTR 390 turboshafts
Thrust 2x 1,285 HP 2x 958 kW
Length 45.9 ft 14.00 m
Height 12.5 ft 3.81 m
Rotor area 1428 sq ft 132.7 sq m
Rotor diameter 42.65 ft 13.00 m
Weight empty 7,275 lb 3,300 kg
max. 12,790 lb 5.800 kg
Speed max. 200 mph 324 km/h
cruising 168 mph 270 km/h
Ceiling 13,000 ft 4,000 m
Range max. 373 mi or  2 hrs 50 min 600 km
Armament 1x GIAT AM-30781 30mm cannon, 2x SNEB 68mm rocket pods, 8x HOT2 or 8x Trigat anti-tank missiles, 4x Stinger or 4x Matra Mistral air to air missiles
Crew Two (pilot and weapons operator)

Jirka Wagner


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