American postwar aircraft
Lockheed F-94 Starfire
The F-94 was an interim all-weather interceptor developed from the T-33 trainer, which
had been developed from the F-80. Initial tests showed that the engine was not powerful
enough to support the increased weight of the electronic equipment and the Hughes E-1
fire-control radar. In addition to a higher-performing engine, several changes to the
aircraft's lines were required. First accepted in December 1949, F-94As began replacing
North American F-82s
in Air Defense Command. When the
Korean War broke out, Starfires were prohibited from flying over North Korea for fear of
compromising their sophisticated electronic equipment. However, mounting B-29
losses led to the lifting of this
restriction. On January 30, 1953, Capt. B. L. Fithian (pilot) and Lt. S. R. Lyons (radar
operator) shot down an unseen LA-9 piston-engine fighter. The F-94C was phased out of Air
Force service in 1959, and the last Air National Guard F-94s were retired in early 1960.
||Lockheed Aircraft Co., Burbank, Calif.
||April 16, 1949 (YF-94)
||F-94A, B, C
||One Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 or -5A turbofan.
||44 ft 6 in
||14 ft 11 in
||42 ft 5 in
||24x 2.75-in Mighty Mouse FFARs in nose and 24x
2.75-in FFARs in two wing pods (12 rockets in each).
||Two (pilot, radar officer)
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