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American postwar aircraft


Lockheed F-94 Starfire

The F-94 was an interim all-weather interceptor developed from the T-33 trainer, which had been developed from the F-80. Initial tests showed that the engine was not powerful enough to support the increased weight of the electronic equipment and the Hughes E-1 fire-control radar. In addition to a higher-performing engine, several changes to the aircraft's lines were required. First accepted in December 1949, F-94As began replacing North American F-82s in Air Defense Command. When the Korean War broke out, Starfires were prohibited from flying over North Korea for fear of compromising their sophisticated electronic equipment. However, mounting B-29 losses led to the lifting of this restriction. On January 30, 1953, Capt. B. L. Fithian (pilot) and Lt. S. R. Lyons (radar operator) shot down an unseen LA-9 piston-engine fighter. The F-94C was phased out of Air Force service in 1959, and the last Air National Guard F-94s were retired in early 1960.
General characteristics
Contractor Lockheed Aircraft Co., Burbank, Calif.
First flight April 16, 1949 (YF-94)
Models F-94A, B, C
Power plant One Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 or -5A turbofan.
Thrust 8,750 lb 38.9 kN
Length 44 ft 6 in 13.6 m
Height 14 ft 11 in 4.5 m
Wingspan 42 ft 5 in 12.9 m
Weight 24,200 lb 10,977 kg
Max. speed 640 mph 1,030 km/h
Range 1,200 miles 1,930 km
Ceiling 51,000 ft 15,500 m
Armament 24x 2.75-in Mighty Mouse FFARs in nose and 24x 2.75-in FFARs in two wing pods (12 rockets in each).
Crew Two (pilot, radar officer)
Number built 856
Unit cost $534,000

Jirka Wagner


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