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American WWII's aircraft


Douglas A-20 Boston / Havoc

The A-20 was designed to meet an Army Air Corps attack specification in 1938 but was in use by the French and British before delivery to US squadrons. Begun as a company- funded venture, the Havoc eventually became the most-produced Army Air Forces attack aircraft. It was also the one of the first US combat aircraft to have a nosewheel. On July 4, 1942, the first Army Air Forces bomber mission over Western Europe was flown by US crews of the 15th Bomb Squadron operating British Bostons IIIs (the Royal Air Force's name for most of their Havocs) against airfields in the Netherlands. The A-20 was used in every theater of the war and was also flown by Australia, Brazil, South Africa, and the Netherlands. The Soviets actually received more A-20s than the US did, but little is known about the type's operational career there. Some of the Dutch aircraft were captured by the Japanese and appropriated into service. The export version of the A-20C was the first aircraft to be ordered under a lend-lease contract. The P-70 was a modified A-20 fitted with an airborne intercept radar and four 20-mm cannon in a belly package as an interim night fighter until the P-61 was available. The F-3A was the photoreconnaissance version.
General characteristics A-20G
Primary function Attack, bomber
Contractor Douglas Aircraft Company
Power plant Two Wright R-2600-23 14-cylinder radials engines
Thrust 2x 1,582 HP 2x 1,180 kW
Wingspan 62.2 ft 18.96 m
Length 48 ft 14.63 m
Height 17.6 ft 5.36 m
Wingarea 465 sq ft 43.20 sq m
Weight empty 15,983 lb 7,250 kg
max. 27,200 lb 12,338 kg
Speed max. 341 mph 548 km/h
cruising 230 mph 370 km/h
Initial climb rate 1,201-2,000 ft/min 366-610 m/min
Ceiling 25,590 ft 7,800 m
Range 1,087 miles 1,750 km
Armament 5x 7.62mm machine gun, 4x 20mm cannon, 2,000 lb bombs internally, 2,000 lb externally
Crew Three
First Flight October 26, 1938
Date deployed 1941
Cost $74,000
Number built 7478

Jirka Wagner


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