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American WWII's aircraft


Douglas B-23 Dragon

The B-23 is a twin-engine bomber developed as a successor to the Douglas B-18. First flown in July 1939, the B-23 incorporated many features of the Douglas DC-3 commercial transport. Although it was much faster than the B-18 and was the first operational Army bomber equipped with a tail gun, the Dragon was soon outclassed by more modern bombers such as the North American B-25 and the Martin B-26. As a result, only 38 B-23s were built.
The B-23s were never used in combat during WW II. Instead they served in secondary roles as reconnaissance, training, transport, and test-bed aircraft. Some of the Dragons used in transport service were redesignated UC-67s.
After the war, all B-23s/UC-67s were declared surplus and many were sold to private operators for use as cargo and executive transports. Several of these aircraft were still flying in the early 1980s.

General characteristics

Primary  function Medium bomber
Power plant Two Wright R-2600-3 engines
Thrust 1,600 HP 1,193 kW
Wingspan 92 ft 28 m
Length 58 ft 6 in 17.9 m
Height 18 ft 6 in 5.6 m
Weight max. 32,400 lb 14,700 kg
Speed max. 282 mph 454 km/h
Speed cruising 210 mph 338 km/h
Range 1,400 miles 2,253 km
Ceiling 31,600 ft 9,632 m
Armament 3x 7.62mm M-2 machine guns, 1x 12.7mm M-2 machine gun, 4,000 lb bombs internally
Crew Six
Cost $133,000
First flight July 1939
Number built 38

Jirka Wagner


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