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American WWII's aircraft


Brewster F2A Buffalo

The F2A was the first monoplane carrier fighter of the USN, designed in response to a requirement issued in 1935. The F2A had a small barrel-shaped fuselage, small wings, retractable narrow-track landing gear and an enclosed cockpit. The undercarriage was insufficiently strong for carrier operations. The F2A was originally preferred by the USN over the Grumman F4F-2 Wildcat, later to gain fame in much redesigned form. It entered service in 1939, but already in 1941 it was being replaced by the F4F, and the only US unit to use it in combat was an USMC squadron defending Midway. The F2A was not a bad aircraft, but a poor basis for further development. It was also totally outclassed by the Mitshubishi A6M Reisen "Zero" and proved a disaster in combat. Export versions had a more succes, notably in Finland. The RAF named it 'Buffalo'.
General characteristics F2A-3
Primary function Fighter
Contractor Brewster Aircraft Company
Power plant One Wright R-1820-40 engine
Thrust 1,200 HP 895 kW
Wingspan 35 ft 10.67 m
Length 26.3 ft 8.03 m
Height 12.7 ft 3.86 m
Wingarea 209 sq ft 19.41 sq m
Weight  empty 4,731 lb 2,146 kg
max. 7,158 lb 3,247 kg
Max. speed 321 mph 517 km/h
Initial climb rate 3,068 ft/min 935 m/min
Ceiling 33,200 ft 10,120 m
Max. range 963 miles 1,550 km
Armament 4x 12.7 mm machine gun, 2x 45 kg bombs
Crew One
Date deployed 1938

Jirka Wagner


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