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American WWII's aircraft


Chance-Vought F4U Corsair

The F4U was one of the most successful fighters of WWII. It achieved a claimed 11.3 to 1 'kill ratio' in the Pacific. It was fast, but had some handling problems, and early versions tended to 'bounce' upon landing because of their stiff undercarriage. Therefore it was at first restricted to land-based marine units, and equipped all USMC fighter units in the Pacific in the second half of 1943. After some modifications, it was used also for shipboard operations, but continued to require careful handling. The vast majority of WWII F4U sorties (54470 out of 64051) were flown from land bases. The F4U had an inverted gull wing, a streamlined fuselage of circular cross-section and a big propeller. The cockpit was set well back, and the restricted view was a serious problem. 12571 were built, of which 4017 by Goodyear and 735 by Brewster as the FG and F3A, respectively.
General characteristics F4U-1A
Primary function Fighter
Contractor Chance Vought (United Aircraft Corporation division)
Power plant One 18cyllinder Pratt&Whitney R-2800-8 radial engine
Thrust 2,000 HP 1,490 kW
Wingspan 41 ft 12.50 m
Length 33.3 ft 10.16 m
Height 16 ft 4.90 m
Wingarea 314 sq ft 29.17 sq m
Weight empty 8,982 lb 4,074 kg
max. 14,000 lb 6,350 kg
Max. speed 417 mph 671 km/h
Initial climb rate 2,887 ft/min 880 m/min
Ceiling 36,890 ft 11,245 m
Max. range 1,020 miles 1,640 km
Armament 6x 12.7 mm machine gun (390 rounds each); F4U-1C 4x 20mm cannons
Crew One
Date deployed 1943
General characteristics F4U-4
Primary function Fighter
Power plant One Pratt&Whitney R-2800-18W engine
Thrust 2,350 HP 1,752 kW
Wingspan 41 ft 12.49 m
Length 33.2 ft 10.13 m
Height 14.8 ft 4.50 m
Wingarea 314 sq ft 29.17 sq m
Weight empty 9,343 lb 4,238 kg
max. 14,533 lb 6,592 kg
Max. speed 425 mph 684 km/h
Initial climb rate 4,800 ft/min 1,463 m/min
Armament 6x 12.7mm machine gun; 750 lt external tank and 2x 907 kg bombs or 8 rockets
Crew One
Date deployed 1944
Number built 12,571 (all types)

Jirka Wagner


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