USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)
USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71)
is the fourth Nimitz-class
Her history began on Sept. 30, 1980, when a contract was awarded to Newport News
Construction began on Oct. 31, 1981, when Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger
authenticated the keel laying of TR by initiating the first weld. Capt. Paul W.
Parcells was named Prospective Commanding Officer in Feb. 1984 and, that October, the ship
was officially christened. On Oct. 25, 1986, TR was placed in active service.
Capt. Dayton W. Ritt became TR's second Commanding Officer on Oct. 3, 1987, and on Dec.
30, 1988, TR started her maiden deployment, which was also the maiden deployment of the
first 10-squadron air wing, Carrier Air Wing Eight. USS Theodore Roosevelt was
awarded the Battle "E" from Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, on
Mar. 20, 1990.
On Jun. 9, 1990, Capt. Charles S. Abbot became the ship's third Commanding Officer and
on Dec. 28, TR and CVW-8 deployed for Operations Desert Shield. TR entered the war
on Jan. 9, 1991, eventually flying over 4,200 sorties, more than any other carrier, and
dropping over 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on Feb. 28.
When Iraqi forces turned on the Kurds, TR and CVW-8 were among the first coalition
forces in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT, flying patrols over northern Iraq. After a
189-day deployment, with 169 days at sea, TR returned to Norfolk on Jun. 28, 1991.
On Feb. 14, 1992, the ship won its second Battle "E." This was followed by
the award of the Battenburg Cup for 1991 as the Atlantic Fleet's premier ship.
Capt. Stanley W. Bryant became TR's fourth Commanding Officer on Aug. 27, 1992.
TR and CVW-8 began their third deployment on Mar. 11, 1993, teamed with the Special
Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) to test the concept of embarking a
multi-purpose Marine force in a carrier. TR hosted President Bill Clinton's first
visit to a U.S. Navy ship, then sailed to the Adriatic as CVW-8 planes enforced Operation
Deny Flight in the U.S. no-fly zone over Bosnia. In June, on the way to only her
second port visit, TR was ordered to turn around and transit the Suez Canal enroute to the
Red Sea to participate in Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq.
Deployed for 184 days, TR spent 169 days underway. Her flight deck logged over
16,000 hours, and CVW-8 flew more sorties than during the Persian Gulf War. For its
accomplishments, the ship received its second Meritorious Unit Commendation.
In Nov. 1993, TR entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard (NNSY) for a Selected Restricted
Availability (SRA). Heading back to sea on Apr. 14, 1994, TR became the first nuclear
carrier to complete an SRA ahead of schedule at NNSY.
Awards for 1993 continued. TR received the CINCLANTFLT Golden Anchor Award for the
best retention in an Atlantic Fleet carrier. On Mar. 10, 1994, TR received its third
Battle "E." Then on June 3, TR was awarded its second Battenburg Cup as the best
ship in the Atlantic Fleet.
On Jul. 8, 1994, Capt. Ronald L. Christenson became TR's fifth Commanding Officer.
TR and CVW-8 began their fourth deployment on Mar. 1995, operating in the Red Sea
in support of Operation Southern Watch. TR also provided a "Forward...from the
Sea" presence, conducting flight operations in support of Operations Deny Flight and
Sharp Guard over the skies of Bosnia and in the Adriatic operating areas. Deny
Flight evolved into Operation Deliberate Force, as CVW-8 aircraft led NATO strikes against
strategic Bosnian Serb targets aboard Sarajevo-Herzegovina. During TR's transit
home, Secretary of the Navy John Dalton came aboard and awarded the Theodore Roosevelt
Battle Group the Navy Unit Commendation for its Bosnia operations.
In 1996, TR received its third consecutive Golden Anchor Award and Commander, Naval Air
Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet's first Security Excellence Award. CVW-3 joined TR in May
1996 prior to her port visit to Halifax, Nova Scotia. On Nov. 1, 1996, Capt. David
Architzel became TR's sixth Commanding Officer. TR deployed for her fifth deployment
on Nov. 25, 1996, conducting operations in the Mediterranean and Arabian Gulf in support
of Operation Southern Watch.
On Jul. 8, 1997, TR entered NNSY for a one-year Extended Drydock and Selected Restricted
Availability (EDSRA), her first major overhaul since commissioning. In Feb. 1998, TR
received her fifth Golden Anchor Award while in the shipyard. One year later, TR
returned to her homeport at the Norfolk Naval Station.
|Type of vessel
||Nimitz-Class, Nuclear Aircraft Carrier
||Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Va.
||Oct. 31, 1981
||Oct. 27, 1984
||Oct. 25, 1986
||Two nuclear reactors
|Number of propellers
||Four with five blades each
|Diameter of propeller
|Weight of propeller
|Number of rudders
|Dimensions of rudder
||29 x 22 ft
||8.8 x 6.7 m
|Weight of rudder
|Length of flight deck
|Length ship at water line
|Height, keel to mast top
|Widest point of flight deck
|Area of flight deck
||18,211 sq. m
|Combat load displacement
|Number of anchors
|Weight of anchors
||66,140 lb each
||30,000 kg each
|Weight of anchor chain
||360 lb per link
||163.3 kg per link
||More than 5,500 (with airwing)
||More than 80 (located on flight deck and hangar bay)
||early warning and control aircraft
|Number of aircraft elevators
|Size of aircraft elevators
||4,000 sq. ft
||372 sq. m
|Number of catapults
||Can send a 70,000-pound aircraft from 0-150 mph in two seconds
||About 750 ft (229 m) - compared to a 10,000-foot runway at
|Number of arresting wires
|Diameter of arresting wire
|Arresting wire capability
||Can stop a 54,000 lb (24,5 t) aircraft from 150-0 mph in 2
seconds within 315 ft
|Aviation Fuel (JP-5) storage capacity
||3.3 million gallons
||Three Sea Sparrow
missiles launchers (eight missiles each), four Phalanx CWIS mounts.
|Number of telephones
||More than 2,500
|Number of televisions
||More than 3,000
|Meals served aboard daily when operational
|Daily capacity of distilling plants
||400,000 gallons (15,141 hl)
|Length of electrical cable
||About 1,000 miles (1,609 km)
|Number of compartments and spaces
||More than 4,000
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