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USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)

USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) is the fourth Nimitz-class carrier.   Her history began on Sept. 30, 1980, when a contract was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding.
Construction began on Oct. 31, 1981, when Secretary of Defense Casper Weinberger authenticated the keel laying of TR by initiating the first weld.  Capt. Paul W. Parcells was named Prospective Commanding Officer in Feb. 1984 and, that October, the ship was officially christened.  On Oct. 25, 1986, TR was placed in active service.
Capt. Dayton W. Ritt became TR's second Commanding Officer on Oct. 3, 1987, and on Dec. 30, 1988, TR started her maiden deployment, which was also the maiden deployment of the first 10-squadron air wing, Carrier Air Wing Eight.  USS Theodore Roosevelt was awarded the Battle "E" from Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, on Mar. 20, 1990.
On Jun. 9, 1990, Capt. Charles S. Abbot became the ship's third Commanding Officer and on Dec. 28, TR and CVW-8 deployed for Operations Desert Shield.  TR entered the war on Jan. 9, 1991, eventually flying over 4,200 sorties, more than any other carrier, and dropping over 4,800,000 pounds of ordnance before the cease-fire on Feb. 28.
When Iraqi forces turned on the Kurds, TR and CVW-8 were among the first coalition forces in Operation PROVIDE COMFORT, flying patrols over northern Iraq.  After a 189-day deployment, with 169 days at sea, TR returned to Norfolk on Jun. 28, 1991.   On Feb. 14, 1992, the ship won its second Battle "E."  This was followed by the award of the Battenburg Cup for 1991 as the Atlantic Fleet's premier ship.
Capt. Stanley W. Bryant became TR's fourth Commanding Officer on Aug. 27, 1992.
TR and CVW-8 began their third deployment on Mar. 11, 1993, teamed with the Special Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force (SPMAGTF) to test the concept of embarking a multi-purpose Marine force in a carrier.  TR hosted President Bill Clinton's first visit to a U.S. Navy ship, then sailed to the Adriatic as CVW-8 planes enforced Operation Deny Flight in the U.S. no-fly zone over Bosnia.  In June, on the way to only her second port visit, TR was ordered to turn around and transit the Suez Canal enroute to the Red Sea to participate in Operation Southern Watch, enforcing the no-fly zone over Iraq.
Deployed for 184 days, TR spent 169 days underway.  Her flight deck logged over 16,000 hours, and CVW-8 flew more sorties than during the Persian Gulf War.  For its accomplishments, the ship received its second Meritorious Unit Commendation.
In Nov. 1993, TR entered Norfolk Naval Shipyard (NNSY) for a Selected Restricted Availability (SRA). Heading back to sea on Apr. 14, 1994, TR became the first nuclear carrier to complete an SRA ahead of schedule at NNSY.
Awards for 1993 continued.  TR received the CINCLANTFLT Golden Anchor Award for the best retention in an Atlantic Fleet carrier.  On Mar. 10, 1994, TR received its third Battle "E." Then on June 3, TR was awarded its second Battenburg Cup as the best ship in the Atlantic Fleet.
On Jul. 8, 1994, Capt. Ronald L. Christenson became TR's fifth Commanding Officer.   TR and CVW-8 began their fourth deployment on Mar. 1995, operating in the Red Sea in support of Operation Southern Watch.  TR also provided a "Forward...from the Sea" presence, conducting flight operations in support of Operations Deny Flight and Sharp Guard over the skies of Bosnia and in the Adriatic operating areas.  Deny Flight evolved into Operation Deliberate Force, as CVW-8 aircraft led NATO strikes against strategic Bosnian Serb targets aboard Sarajevo-Herzegovina.  During TR's transit home, Secretary of the Navy John Dalton came aboard and awarded the Theodore Roosevelt Battle Group the Navy Unit Commendation for its Bosnia operations.
In 1996, TR received its third consecutive Golden Anchor Award and Commander, Naval Air Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet's first Security Excellence Award.  CVW-3 joined TR in May 1996 prior to her port visit to Halifax, Nova Scotia.  On Nov. 1, 1996, Capt. David Architzel became TR's sixth Commanding Officer.  TR deployed for her fifth deployment on Nov. 25, 1996, conducting operations in the Mediterranean and Arabian Gulf in support of Operation Southern Watch.
On Jul. 8, 1997, TR entered NNSY for a one-year Extended Drydock and Selected Restricted Availability (EDSRA), her first major overhaul since commissioning. In Feb. 1998, TR received her fifth Golden Anchor Award while in the shipyard.  One year later, TR returned to her homeport at the Norfolk Naval Station.
General characteristics
Type of vessel Nimitz-Class, Nuclear Aircraft Carrier
Builder Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Va.
Keel laid Oct. 31, 1981
Christened Oct. 27, 1984
Commissioned Oct. 25, 1986
Power plant Two nuclear reactors
Speed 30+ knots 55.6 km/h
Number of propellers Four with five blades each
Diameter of propeller 21 ft 6.4 m
Weight of propeller 66,200 lb 30,000 kg
Number of rudders Two
Dimensions of rudder 29 x 22 ft 8.8 x 6.7 m
Weight of rudder 100,310+ lb 45,500 kg
Length of flight deck 1,092 ft 333 m
Length ship at water line 1,040 ft 317 m
Height, keel to mast top 244 ft 74.4 m
Widest point of flight deck 257 ft 78.3 m
Area of flight deck 4.5 acres 18,211 sq. m
Combat load displacement 97,000 tons
Number of anchors Two
Weight of anchors 66,140 lb each 30,000 kg each
Weight of anchor chain 360 lb per link 163.3 kg per link
Crew More than 5,500 (with airwing)
Aircrafts More than 80 (located on flight deck and hangar bay)
Airwing S-3A Viking antisubmarine aircraft
F-14 Tomcat fighter
EA-6B Prowler electronic countermeasures
E-2C Hawkeye early warning and control aircraft
F/A-18C Hornet strike fighter
HH-60H/SH-60F Seahawk antisubmarine helicopter
Number of aircraft elevators Four
Size of aircraft elevators 4,000 sq. ft 372 sq. m
Number of catapults Four
Catapult length 309 ft 94 m
Catapult speed Can send a 70,000-pound aircraft from 0-150 mph in two seconds
Landing area About 750 ft (229 m) - compared to a 10,000-foot runway at commercial airports
Number of arresting wires Four
Diameter of arresting wire 1.375 in 3.5 cm
Arresting wire capability Can stop a 54,000 lb (24,5 t) aircraft from 150-0 mph in 2 seconds within 315 ft
Aviation Fuel (JP-5) storage capacity 3.3 million gallons 125,000 hl
Armament Three Sea Sparrow missiles launchers (eight missiles each), four Phalanx CWIS mounts.
Number of telephones More than 2,500
Number of televisions More than 3,000
Meals served aboard daily when operational 18,600
Daily capacity of distilling plants 400,000 gallons (15,141 hl)
Length of electrical cable About 1,000 miles (1,609 km)
Number of compartments and spaces More than 4,000

Jirka Wagner


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